Chikungunya and dengue fever are both viral infections spread by the Aedes mosquito and show similar symptoms. Having almost similar manifestations, it becomes quite difficult to differentiate between the two. Mostly both are treated as a case of mistaken identity until correlated with the laboratory findings.
Timely blood test to detect dengue and chikungunya is important to ward off further complications. Here are some pointers to throw light on their differences and similarities in terms of symptoms, treatment, and prevention of both.
Coined from the Kimakonde language, the word ‘chikungunya’ means ‘becoming contorted’ aptly describing the symptom of stooping due to joint pain.
The Chikungunya virus spreads by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus mosquito. These mosquitoes transmit dengue and Zika as well. Once infected, symptoms can appear anytime between 2 to 12 days. Some cases may remain asymptomatic as well.
Chikungunya – Symptoms, and Cure
The most prominent symptom of Chikungunya is fever. The symptoms of chikungunya fever differ from the normal fever as it is accompanied by acute joint pain. Apart from this, nausea, rash, headache, and fatigue are common symptoms as well. There are chances of Chikungunya misdiagnosed due to the similarities in symptoms with Zika and Dengue. Severe cases can result in neurological, retinal, and cardiological complications as well. This makes it difficult for older people affected by the illness to recover as against young people. There have been instances where people have lived with joint pain for years.
There is no cure or specific treatment for Chikungunya, neither is there a vaccine against the disease. One can only manage the symptoms. This makes it more important for people to take necessary precautions to prevent contracting the disease.
To confirm the diagnosis, a lab test is required. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test also called ELISA test confirms the infection with Chikungunya virus and symptoms are then treated accordingly.
Dengue (pronounced as DENGEE) is a mosquito-borne disease which is caused by 4 different types of viruses- DENV 1-4 and spread by the Aedes Aegypti mosquito
What are the symptoms of Dengue
Dengue and Chikungunya are very similar. In most cases, it becomes difficult to differentiate whether a patient has Chikungunya or Dengue. The dengue fever symptoms usually begin to show 4 to 6 days after getting infected and may last for up to 10 days. Some of the common symptoms include –
- Sudden fever
- Severe headaches
- Severe joint and muscle pain
- Pain behind the eyes
- Skin rashes, which may last for 2-5 days after the onset of fever
- Mild bleeding from the nose and the gums
Sometimes these symptoms can be mild and may be confused with that of flu or viral fever. The most important dengue symptom to identify is when the fever is as high as 103-105 degree Fahrenheit or 39-40 degree Celsius. The fever usually lasts for 3 to 5 days. In some cases, it may disappear after 2 days and may reappear again. Patients with dengue fever have no risk of death but some of them may develop Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever or Dengue Shock Syndrome. With proper precautions and good treatment, the patients with Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever can recover fully.
It must also e noted that re-occurrence of dengue is common. People who think that if they have been infected with dengue once, they cannot get it again, need to remember this. So if any similar symptoms are detected, then rush to your doctor because a delayed diagnosis can cause infection to your blood vessels.
Precautions to Control Chikungunya and Dengue
- The mosquitoes that spread Chikungunya and Dengue, bite during the daytime, hence ensure that you use liquid vaporizer like Goodknight Activ+ even during the daytime, you can even use Goodknight Fast Card when you require few hours of protection.
- Mosquitoes are a problem both indoors and outdoors so while you or your kids step out home ensure you are using personal repellents. The easiest thing to do is to apply 4 dots of Goodknight Fabric Roll-On every time you step out of the home.
- Getting rid of stagnant water bodies in and around your home is the most important precaution as these water bodies have the potential to become breeding sites for mosquitoes.
- Use door and window screens to keep the mosquitoes outside your home.
- If weather permits use full-sleeved clothes and minimize the exposed skin.
It is of utmost importance to know the signs, symptoms, cause, and prevention of the diseases. Battling the disease with the right products, such as that of Goodknight, would help in preventing and ensuring that your family’s health is safe and sound.
Note: This blog post intends to make people aware about the symptoms of dengue and Chikungunya and to an extent, help save the lives of those diagnosed with the disease. This article is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment, but simply to provide information about the diseases.